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In this article, I will cover the meaning of short stacking strategy for both cash games and tournaments.
Think of this as a brief crash course on playing a small stack. So what is a short stack in poker? A short stack means having a smaller number of chips in comparison to the average stack size at the poker table.
For cash games, a short stack typically has less than 40 big blinds and for tournaments less than 20 or 30 big blinds, depending on the speed of the event and how fast the blinds go up.
Many players misunderstand what short stacking is all about. If you read any of the mainstream poker forums out there you will generally see nothing but negativity when it comes to short stackers.
Nothing could be further from the truth. While it is true that unskilled recreational players will choose to play a short stack, there are now numerous players out there who play a variety of stack sizes.
It really all comes down to personal preference. If you prefer a fast-paced style of play that capitalizes more on the pre-flop mistakes made by opponents, short stacking may be right down your alley.
However, if you prefer a slower game based around intricate post-flop play, then you would probably be happier playing a deeper stack size.
First off, there is some debate over how to quantify various stack sizes. However, in my experience, it seems most logical to divide stacks based on shifts in strategic considerations.
This makes sense as it allows for someone to formulate different strategies as their stack size grows or shrinks. Each stack size range calls for a shift in strategic and tactical approaches to the game.
In simple terms, the shorter your stack, the more the game is about pre-flop play. Conversely, the deeper your stack, the more the game revolves around post-flop play.
Trying to play a deep stack strategy on that table is suboptimal since you are effectively forced into mid-stack poker based on how much money your opponents have.
In the book, the authors cover how to adjust your strategy and plan hands based on the effective stack in big blinds. There are innumerable reasons players choose to play a short stack in cash games.
The most obvious is that you have less money to lose on the table and thus, compared to big blind players, require a smaller bankroll to play the various stakes.
In other words, short stackers need a much smaller bankroll to play the same stake. The major sources of profit unique to short stacking are two-fold, with the first occurring before the flop and the second after the flop.
First, short stackers try to capitalize on pre-flop mistakes made by opponents by 3-bet shoving a mathematically correct range against them.
If they do not counter with a correct calling range when they shove, it can lead to massive profits. The beauty of the strategy is the simplicity it brings to the 3-bet 4-bet game.
When playing a small stack, you can follow a chart that gives you effective shoving ranges based on your stack size and the presumed opening range frequencies of your opponents.
In other words, you 3-bet shove a different range versus a tight opening range than you would versus a looser one. Mind you, this is an oversimplified assumption, since the calling range of your opponents does affect which range can be shoved.
However, in the vast majority of circumstances, the general principle of shove tight against tight and loose against loose, does hold true.
The second major strategic concept that short stacks rely on is their flop decision making. Deciding which hands to commit and which hands to pot control with is perhaps the leading contributing factor to the ultimate success of a short stacker.
You can do everything else perfectly, but if you fail to maximize profit after the flop, your win-rate will be limited.
A good rule of thumb is that if you divide the amount left in your stack by the size of the pot called the stack-to-pot ratio, or SPR , you can follow these guidelines:.
Keep in mind that these numbers are only meant as an example and are not hard and fast rules. The type of opponent can cause these ranges to change.
Overall, except for the few inherent advantages short stacks enjoy, the rest of their strategies are basically the same as every other player at the table, regardless of stack size.
The same methods of strong poker that lead to profit are the same for everyone. Whether it be stealing, c-betting, or just exploiting weaker players, every really good poker player is generally thinking about the same things when attacking a table.
The only difference is in the weapons you can use based on your stack size. Tournaments differ from cash games in many ways. First of all, you do not use money to play, you use chips.
And, everyone starts the event with the same number of chips. Indeed, stack size tends to fluctuate wildly during any tournament. One minute you can be deep-stack, and the next, the shortest stack at the table.
Therein lies the major difference between short stacking in cash games and tournaments. In fact, everyone will be short stacked at various points during an event.
Therefore, it is imperative that any aspiring tournament pro becomes familiar with how to play all the various possible stack sizes. All tournaments are not created equally.
The speed in which the blinds go up is a major factor in determining the optimal strategy of different stack sizes. In slower events, 50 big blinds could be considered an ample amount that allows for a very selective strategy.
However, in a really fast turbo event 50 big blinds can be a downright desperate stack size. In order to be successful in a tournament or sit and go, you must constantly be adjusting your strategy based on your stack size.
When you get a premium starting hand such as aces you limp into the pot and wait for the deep stacks to raise, you then re-raise all-in or close to it.
Short-stacking works for 2 main reasons. Firstly it is important to realize that deeper stacks will be raising, re-raising and calling raises with a wide variety of hands.
This enables them to play good, strategic post-flop poker in an attempt to win the whole stack of an opponent. You can still make some cash, though you need to find those sites which allow 20 blind buy-ins on full tables.
We highlight 3 great candidates for this at the end of our Short-Stacking Part 2 article. Secondly, the deep stacks who call your all-in bet will not necessarily check the hand down.
There is likely to be more betting — often big bets — on the flop, turn and river betting round. It is thus highly likely that a hand that would have beaten you at showdown will fold to subsequent bets.
Let us look at a mathematical example. Your intention here is to get the rest of your money in regardless of the flop. Many good things can now happen.
Once the flop comes the protection from the big-stacks will kick-in, pot-size raises will now be large enough to get a number of hands to fold.
With a hand that will win more than half of the time this is a huge and very profitable edge.Aus diesem Grund empfiehlt sich oft für die gesamte Range eine Continuation-Bet. Wenn man NL-Poker spielt, um sich zu verbessern und zu lernen, dann darf man diesen Lernprozess nicht untergraben indem man den herausforderndsten und profitabelsten Teil des Spiels ausblendet! Als Short Stack kann man keine Real Vorschau, komplexen Spielzüge vornehmen und von den Gegnern nur jeweils so viel Chips gewinnen, wie man selbst besitzt. Hält man beispielsweise Free Slot Game Apps Paar gegen Overcards, dann gewinnt man ca. Beste gesetzestreue Möglichkeiten, um Anrufern Unannehmlichkeiten zu bereiten? Silver ist Teilzeitspieler und zweifacher Vater. Wenn er offsuit oder zwei suited Karten hätte, würden die meisten Spieler defenden. Unabhängig davon, ob das stimmt, glaube Gold Strike Casino Nevada, dass seine Hand ein bisschen zu schwach für einen Call ist. Erst durch gutes Spiel in späteren Spielrunden lassen sich signifikante Gewinne erzielen:. Reset password.
It's sort of a subtext here, but I think it important to emphasize that one should not be so conservative as to allow yourself to get blinded down below 10bb, because at that point there is really nothing you can do to push anybody off a hand.
I agree but more often than not,all it takes is a cooler or a suckout to end up from chipleader to shortstack in the blink of an eye!
Been following your blog for a number of years and I like the way you are succinct and have a talent for simplifying without using math.
I don't need to know how to make a watch just tell me what time it is. I have all your books and they are one reason my game has gotten better over the years A recurring thing I notice in your blogs is you disparaging age.
Why would an 80 year old grandma be bad at poker or anything else because of being 80, female or a grandma? Liked seeing some tournament writings and would like more.
Hey Jim, Thanks for the kind words, being a longtime reader, and I am glad my blogs and books help you! It wasn't my intention to make fun of older people.
That was meant to be taken as a joke. Twitch is unlikely because I simply do not have the time. But I never say never. Hey Man, Love what your doing do you recommend a similar tight range when calling short stack shoves or do you widen a bit as it gets more chaotic?
Thanks glad my blog helps you! It really depends on the player. But in general I will be calling a short stack shove quite a bit wider than a full stack.
Can you tell me if this method is for just full ring or would it work on 6 player tables. Just thinking of giving this a try for a while. Thanks for the strategy.
Just came accros this. I am new to poker and was think g this may be a method for me to start with. Is this method for full ring or can you play it on 6 ring tables as well.
Thanks for the insight. Hey padman, I am glad this article helped! Yes, you can use a short stack strategy in either full ring or 6max.
It is simply a proven fact that raising preflop is more profitable than limping. And this is even moreso the case when you are a short stack.
You simply cannot afford to limp and then give up if you don't hit the flop. You need to take charge right away as this is how winning poker is played.
Now you will also have to make some adjustments if it is folded to you on the button for instance. This includes blind versus blind situations as well.
In this case you will want to add a few more hands to this range in order to try and steal the blinds as you can see in the chart above.
Also, as a short stack in a poker tournament you will want to be simply open shoving preflop with all these hands most of the time.
But I will have much more on poker tournament short stack theory later on. The bottom line is that as a poker short stack you can't play garbage hands.
If your stack is down to 20bb or less, you need to keep your hand selection tight, very tight. And you need to play very aggressively as well.
This goes for both cash games and tournaments. A6s, A7s were included in early or middle position. These are the seats directly to the left of the blinds by the way.
And these hands are not included in these non-steal seats for good reason. No good short stack poker strategy can include these hands from early and middle position because they do not win the pot often enough at showdown.
These hands are much more useful when the stacks are deeper and you have more implied odds. Implied odds by the way is a fancy term in poker that we use to mean how much you can potentially win.
As a short stack you simply do not have enough chips behind to win very much. This means that you can't afford to fish around for draws or play speculative hands like a full stack or even a mid stack can in some cases.
This is why in a 10bb or 20bb poker strategy you have to play mostly big value hands only and ditch the speculative hands like baby pairs, suited connectors and suited aces.
Do you want a simple step by step guide to show you exactly how to start winning consistently right now with a short stack?
That is why I recently wrote this free little 50 page no BS guide to teach you exactly how to start crushing these games right now. We should avoid hands like suited connectors and small pocket pairs , as these hands are profitable when we have a deep stack, as our implied odds are there to compensate for the likely event that we miss the flop.
In general we are best entering pots with are big suited cards that can make top pair or better at the flop, although we should exercise some flexibility in starting hand selection depending on the size of our short stack.
Note: This starting hands chart is designed for tournament games where you are pressured to make more moves as the amount of chips left in your stack decreases.
This table is not designed for short stack cash game strategy where you have the option of reloading again and again. As you can see, a lot of emphasis has been placed playing big cards that can make top pair or better, which will often be the best hand on the flop.
As you should remember it is unlikely that we will make any more bets past the flop betting round, so we should be more than happy to be making a good pair and get our money in on the flop.
You may notice that hands that include aces have been given a lot of weight, especially if you are a very short stack. This is because of the fact that as a extremely short stack, it is more than likely that you will be pushing or calling an all in on the flop regardless if you have caught a piece of it or not.
Therefore if we are holding an ace, we will have a better chance of winning with a high card against an opponent in the event that they did not make a pair either.
When we are dealt any of the above cards that are within our range depending on the effective stack sizes , we should always be raising when entering the pot.
It may seem like a good idea to limp and try and catch a good flop for cheap, but it is more profitable to raise and build the pot for when we hit our hand, which we are more likely to do if we are holding a strong starting hand.
With a stack of 10BB or more we should be looking to raise around 3 or 4BB if we are first to enter the pot. However, if we have 10BB or less, it will not be too bad of a play to push all-in straight away, as any call from a 4BB raise will leave us completely pot-committed anyway.
With 10BB or less, you can think about using the stop and go play also. On the flop we are usually reduced to going all-in or folding as a short stack.
The smaller the size of our stack, the more inclined we should be to calling or pushing all-in as we are more likely to be committed to the pot.
The shorter the stack, the less the flop will matter to us. The shorter your stack, the less post-flop action you are going to deal with.
So it's important to have a strong hand that has a good chance of winning after all 5 community cards have been dealt. Nevertheless, if we are pot committed and will be moving all-in regardless, it is always better to make the all-in bet rather than calling if possible.
This is because by betting we are giving our opponent the opportunity to fold the best hand or a potentially winning hand, which is something that is not available to us if we are calling the all-in bet.
Good short stack strategy is all about pushing every little edge that we have. Just because we have a smaller stack, it does not mean that we have less chance of winning any individual hand, it just means we have to adapt our play a little differently to each situation.
Nevertheless, we will be facing an up hill battle if we are in a tournament as each pot we enter is more likely to involve putting our tournament life on the line.
At some poker sites, the structure of the faster tournaments will mean that you will spend the majority of the game as a short stack, which is a good way to learn how to play good short stack poker.
We should always look for the most profitable situations and get our money in when we think we have the best of it, and we should always prepare for luck to play its part in each outcome.
Playing a good, sound short stack strategy does not guarantee to save a tournament life or secure a double up, but it will improve your chances of coming out on top in the long run.
In cash games, you cannot expect to win every all-in, but you can still play a profitable game by picking the right situations and trying to get your money in with the best hand.
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