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Deutsch-Aserbaidschanische Auslandshandelskammer. Postadresse: Winter Park Plaza | 7. Etage | Rasul Rza Str. AZ Baku | Aserbaidschan. Tel. Es empfiehlt sich, vor einer persönlichen Vorsprache Kontakt per Email aufzunehmen. Bitte übersenden Sie dazu den zu genehmigenden Vertrag an folgende. Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Baku. Aserbaidschan Hotels > Baku Hotels > Baku Stadtzentrum Hotels. Info. -. Telefonnummer. Webseite. E-mail. Adresse. Samed Vurgun Street 51, Baku. Aserbaidschan Hotels > Baku Hotels > Baku Stadtzentrum Hotels. Info. -. Telefonnummer. Webseite. E-mail. Adresse. 75 Nizami St, Baku , Azerbaijan​.

Kontakt Baku

Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Baku. Aserbaidschan Hotels > Baku Hotels > Baku Stadtzentrum Hotels. Info. -. Telefonnummer. Webseite. E-mail. Adresse. 75 Nizami St, Baku , Azerbaijan​. Aserbaidschan Hotels > Baku Hotels > Baku Stadtzentrum Hotels. Info. -. Telefonnummer. Webseite. E-mail. Adresse. Samed Vurgun Street 51, Baku. İnformationen zu Barrierefreiheit Die Botschaft unterstützt Bürgerinnen und Bürger mit Behinderungen und ist bemüht, ihnen den Zugang zu den Mitarbeiterinnen und Mitarbeitern im Rahmen der baulichen Gegebenheiten zu erleichtern. Bitte beachten Sportwette Englisch unsere Informationen über evtl. Januar Neujahrstag Sonntag, den 8. Für die Hunde Spiele Kostenlos Online konsularischen Tätigkeiten buchen Sie bitte einen Die Besten Online Casinos Der Welt hier Beglaubigung von Kopien zur Vorlage in Deutschland Legalisationen von aserbaidschanischen Personenstandsurkunden Unterschriftsbeglaubigungen Konsularische Bescheinigungen zur Eröffnung eines Sperrkontos in Deutschland. Nähere Informationen zum Legalisationsverfahren finden Sie New Magic Wand. April Karfreitag Montag, den Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, P.

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Pick your preferred language. We speak English and 43 other languages. Check for travel restrictions. Travel might only be permitted for certain purposes, and touristic travel in particular may not be allowed.

Read more. The elegant, air-conditioned rooms offer beige and blue interiors and modern decor. Each room comes with a flat-screen TV, a mini-bar and a private bathroom.

Lunch and dinner include dished of Azerbaijani, Turkish and European cuisine. A selection of local wines is available at the bar.

Baku Old City is 3. Baku Central Train Station is 4. Heydar Aliyev International Airport is 19 mi away.

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Prices you can't beat! WiFi is available in all areas and is free of charge. Free private parking is available on site reservation is not needed.

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All hotels Hotels Apartments. The city frequently came under assault of the Khazars and starting from the 10th century the Rus. Shirvanshah Akhsitan I built a navy in Baku and successfully repelled another Rus assault in After a devastating earthquake struck Shamakhi , the capital of Shirvan , Shirvanshah's court moved to Baku in The Shirvan era greatly influenced Baku and the remainder of what is present-day Azerbaijan.

Between the 12th and 14th centuries, massive fortifications were undertaken in Baku and the surrounding towns.

The city walls of Baku were also rebuilt and strengthened. By the early 16th century Baku's wealth and strategic position attracted the focus of its larger neighbours; in the previous two centuries, it was under the rule of the in Iran-centred Kara Koyunlu and Ak Koyunlu.

The fall of the Ak Koyunlu brought the city immediately into the sphere of the newly formed Iranian Safavid dynasty , led by king shah Ismail I r.

Ismail I laid siege to Baku in and captured it; he allowed the Shirvanshahs to remain in power, under Safavid suzerainty.

His successor, king Tahmasp I r. Baku remained as an integral part of his empire and the successive Iranian dynasties to come for the next centuries, until the irrevocable cession in the first half of the 19th century.

The House of Shirvan, who ruled Baku since the 9th century, was extinguished in the course of the Safavid rule. At this time the city was enclosed within the lines of strong walls, which were washed by the sea on one side and protected by a wide trench on land.

The Ottomans briefly gained control over Baku as a result of the Ottoman-Safavid War of — ; by , it was again put under Iranian control.

Baku is noted for being a focal point for traders from all across the world during the Early modern period , commerce was active and the area was prosperous.

Notably, traders from the Indian subcontinent established themselves in the region. These Indian traders built the Ateshgah of Baku during 17th—18th centuries; the temple was used as a Hindu , Sikh , and Parsi place of worship.

In the wake of the demise of the Safavids, the Russians took advantage of the situation and invaded ; the Safavids were forced to cede Baku to Russia for a few years.

The eruption of instability following Nader Shah's death gave rise to the various Caucasian khanates. The semi-autonomous Persian-ruled [21] [22] Baku Khanate was one of these.

During this time, the population of Baku was small approximately 5, , and the economy was ruined as a result of constant warfare.

From the late 18th century, Imperial Russia switched to a more aggressive geopolitical stance towards its two neighbours and rivals to the south, namely Iran and the Ottoman Empire.

On 13 June , a Russian flotilla entered Baku Bay, and a garrison of Russian troops was placed inside the city.

Later, however, Pavel I ordered the cessation of the campaign and the withdrawal of Russian forces following his predecessor, Catherine the Great 's death.

In March , the tsarist troops left Baku and the city became part of Qajar Iran again. During the next and final bout of hostilities between the two, the Russo-Persian War of — , Baku was briefly recaptured by the Iranians.

However, militarily superior, the Russians ended this war in a victory as well, and the resulting Treaty of Turkmenchay made its inclusion into the Russian Empire definite.

The Russians built the first oil-distilling factory in Balaxani in Drilling for oil began in the mids, with the first oil well drilled in the Bibi-Heybat suburb of Baku in Large-scale oil exploration started in when Russian imperial authorities auctioned the parcels of oil-rich land around Baku to private investors.

The pioneer of oil extracting from the bottom of the sea was Polish geologist Witold Zglenicki. An industrial area of oil refineries, better known as Black Town, was established near Baku by the early s.

Professor A. Baku is a city founded upon oil, for to its inexhaustible founts of naphtha it owes its very existence, its maintenance, its prosperity At present Baku produces one-fifth of the oil that is used in the world, and the immense output in crude petroleum from this single city far surpasses that in any other district where oil is found.

Verily, the words of the Scriptures find illustration here: 'the rock poured me out rivers of oil. Oil is in the air one breathes, in one's nostrils, in one's eyes, in the water of the morning bath though not in the drinking water, for that is brought in bottles from distant mineral springs , in one's starched linen — everywhere.

This is the impression one carries away from Baku, and it is certainly true in the environs. By the beginning of the 20th century, half of the oil sold in international markets was being extracted in Baku.

Between and Baku's population grew at a faster rate than that of London , Paris or New York. Seeking to capitalize on the existing ethnic conflicts, by spring , Bolsheviks inspired and condoned civil warfare in and around Baku.

During the famous March Days , Bolsheviks and Dashnaks seeking to establish control over Baku streets, were faced with armed Azerbaijani groups.

The Azerbaijanis suffered defeat by the united forces of Baku Soviet and were massacred by Dashnak teams in what was called March Days.

An estimated 3,—12, Azerbaijanis were killed in their own capital. Shortly after, Azerbaijani forces, with support of the Ottoman Army of Islam led by Nuru Pasha , started their advance onto Baku, eventually capturing the city from the loose coalition of Bolsheviks , Esers , Dashnaks , Mensheviks and British forces under the command of General Lionel Dunsterville on 15 September After the Battle of Baku , the Azerbaijani irregular troops, with the tacit support of the Turkish command, conducted four days of pillaging and killing of 10, to 30, [34] of the Armenian residents of Baku.

This pogrom was known as the September Days. Shortly after this, Baku was proclaimed the new capital of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Turkey lost the war by October , then conducted the Armistice of Mudros with the British, which meant Baku was to be evacuated.

Thomson declared himself military governor of Baku and implemented martial law on the capital until "the civil power would be strong enough to release the forces from the responsibility to maintain the public order".

British forces left before the end of The independence of the Azerbaijani republic was significant but a short-lived chapter. The city underwent many major changes.

As a result, Baku played a great role in many branches of Soviet life. Baku was the major oil city of the Soviet Union.

Together with Baku Party Committee known as the Baksovet , it developed the economic significance of the Caspian metropolis.

From to , Baku was the venue for one of the major Trade fairs of the Soviet Union, serving as a commercial bridgehead to Iran and the Middle East. Baku's growing importance as a major energy hub remained in sight of the major powers.

In fact, capturing the oil fields of Baku was one of the ultimate goals of Operation Edelweiss , carried out between May and November However, the German Army's closest approach to Baku was no closer than some kilometres miles northwest of Baku in November , falling far short of the city's capture before being driven back during the Soviet Operation Little Saturn in mid-December After the dissolution of the Soviet Union , Baku embarked on a process of restructuring on a scale unseen in its history.

Improvements were made in the general cleaning, maintenance, and garbage collection, and these services are now at Western European standards.

The city is growing dynamically and developing at full speed on an east—west axis along the shores of the Caspian Sea. Sustainability has become a key factor in future urban development.

Baku is situated on the western coast of Caspian Sea. In the vicinity of the city there are a number of mud volcanoes Keyraki, Bogkh-bogkha, Lokbatan and others and salt lakes Boyukshor , Khodasan and so on.

Baku has a temperate semi-arid climate Köppen climate classification : BSk with hot and humid summers, cool and occasionally wet winters, and strong winds all year long.

However, unlike many other cities with such climate features, Baku does not see extremely hot summers and substantial sunshine hours.

This is largely because of its northerly latitude and the fact that it is located on a peninsula on the shore of the Caspian Sea.

The majority of the light annual precipitation occurs in seasons other than summer, but none of these seasons is particularly wet.

During Soviet times, Baku, with its long hours of sunshine and dry healthy climate, was a vacation destination where citizens could enjoy beaches or relax in now-dilapidated spa complexes overlooking the Caspian Sea.

The city's past as a Soviet industrial centre left it one of the most polluted cities in the world, as of [update].

At the same time Baku is noted as a very windy city throughout the year, hence the city's nickname the " City of Winds ", and gale-force winds, the cold northern wind khazri and the warm southern wind gilavar are typical here in all seasons.

Indeed, the city is renowned for its fierce winter snow storms and harsh winds. The daily mean temperature in July and August averages During summer the khazri sweeps through, bringing desired coolness.

Winter is cool and occasionally wet, with the daily mean temperature in January and February averaging 4. During winter the khazri sweeps through, driven by polar air masses ; temperatures on the coast frequently drop below freezing and make it feel bitterly cold.

Winter snow storms are occasional; snow usually melts within a few days after each snowfall. Today, Baku is divided into 12 rayonlar sub-rayons administrative districts and 5 settlements of city type.

Until , Baku had very large Russian, Armenian , and Jewish populations which contributed to cultural diversity and added in various ways music, literature, architecture and progressive outlook to Baku's history.

With the onset of the Karabakh War and the pogrom against Armenians starting in January , the city's large Armenian population was expelled.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union , Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev returned several synagogues and a Jewish college, nationalised by the Soviets, to the Jewish community.

He encouraged the restoration of these buildings and is well liked by the Jews of Azerbaijan. Renovation has begun on seven of the original 11 synagogues, including the Gilah synagogue, built in , and the large Kruei Synagogue.

When Baku was occupied by the Russian troops during the war of —13 , nearly the entire population of some 8, people was ethnic Tat.

The population increased again from about 13, in the s to , in and , in , making Baku the largest city in the Caucasus region. Baku has been a cosmopolitan city at certain times during its history, meaning ethnic Azerbaijanis did not constitute the majority of population.

The urban landscape of Baku is shaped by many communities. The religion with the largest community of followers is Islam. The majority of the Muslims are Shia Muslims , and the Republic of Azerbaijan has the second highest Shia population percentage in the world after Iran.

There are some other faiths practised among the different ethnic groups within the country. By article 48 of its Constitution , Azerbaijan is a secular state and ensures religious freedom.

Baku is the seat of the Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of Azerbaijan. Zoroastrianism , although extinct in the city as well as in the rest of the country by the present time, had a long history in Azerbaijan and the Zoroastrian New Year Nowruz continues to be the main holiday in the city as well as in the rest of Azerbaijan.

Baku's largest industry is petroleum, and its petroleum exports make it a large contributor to Azerbaijan's balance of payments.

The existence of petroleum has been known since the 8th century. In the 10th century, the Arabian traveler, Marudee, reported that both white and black oil were being extracted naturally from Baku.

Commercial exploitation began in , and by the beginning of the 20th century the Baku oil fields were the largest in the world. Towards the end of the 20th century much of the onshore petroleum had been exhausted, and drilling had extended into the sea offshore.

By the end of the 19th century skilled workers and specialists flocked to Baku. By the city had more than 3, oil wells, of which 2, were producing oil at industrial levels.

Baku ranked as one of the largest centres for the production of oil industry equipment before World War II. Fifty years before the battle, Baku produced half of the world's oil supply.

The Baku Stock Exchange is Azerbaijan's largest stock exchange , and largest in the Caucasian region by market capitalization.

A relatively large number of transnational companies are headquartered in Baku. One of the more prominent institutions headquartered in Baku is the International Bank of Azerbaijan , which employs over 1, people.

Baku is one of the most important tourist destinations in the Caucasus, with hotels in the city earning 7 million euros in Baku's vicinities feature Yanar Dag , an ever-blazing spot of natural gas.

On 2 September with the inauguration of National Flag Square , Baku set the world record for tallest flagpole ; [70] [71] on 24 May , the city of Dushanbe in Tajikistan set a new record with a 3 metres 9.

The retail areas contain shops from chain stores up to high-end boutiques. The city is listed 48th in the list of the most expensive cities in the world conducted by the Mercer Human Resource Consulting.

The city has many amenities that offer a wide range of cultural activities, drawing both from a rich local dramatic portfolio and an international repertoire.

Many of the city's cultural sites were celebrated in when Baku was designated an Islamic Culture Capital. It has also become the first city hosting the first European Games in The main movie theatre is Azerbaijan Cinema.

As of [update] , the city along with Ganja and Lankaran participates in Earth Hour movement. National Museum of History. Nizami Museum of Literature.

National Art Museum. Baku Museum of Modern Art. Baku has wildly varying architecture, ranging from the Old City core to modern buildings and the spacious layout of Baku port.

Many of the city's most impressive buildings were built during the early 20th century, when architectural elements of the European styles were combined in eclectic style.

The Hamam tradition in Baku is interesting. There are a number of ancient hamams in Baku dating back to the 12th, 14th and 18th centuries.

Hamams play a very important role in the architectural appearance of Baku. Teze Bey is the most popular hamam traditional bath in Baku.

It was built in in the centre of Baku and in it was fully restored and modernised. Along with its modern amenities, Teze Bey features a swimming pool and architectural details inspired by Oriental, Russian and Finnish baths.

Gum Hamam was discovered during archaeological excavations underneath the sand; hence the name: Gum hamam sand bath. It was built sometime during the 12th—14th centuries.

The original structure was built sometime during the 12th—14th centuries and was reconstructed in It is still operating in its ancient setting.

The Hamam is open to women on Mondays and Fridays and to men on the other days of the week. Late modern and postmodern architecture began to appear in the early s.

With economic development, old buildings such as Atlant House were razed to make way for new ones. These projects also caught the attention of international media as notable programmes such as Discovery Channel 's Extreme Engineering did pieces focusing in on changes to the city.

Most of the walls and towers, strengthened after the Russian conquest in , survived. This section is picturesque, with its maze of narrow alleys and ancient buildings: the cobbled streets past the Palace of the Shirvanshahs , two caravansaries , the baths and the Juma Mosque which used to house the Azerbaijan National Carpet and Arts Museum but is now a mosque again.

The old town core also has dozens of small mosques, often without any particular sign to distinguish them as such. The music scene in Baku can be traced back to ancient times and villages of Baku, generally revered as the fountainhead of meykhana and mugham in the Azerbaijan.

In recent years, the success of Azerbaijani performers such as AySel , Farid Mammadov , Sabina Babayeva , Safura and Elnur Hüseynov in the Eurovision Song Contest has significantly boosted the profile of Baku's music scene, prompting international attention.

Baku also has a thriving International Centre of Mugham , which is located in Baku Boulevard , Gulustan Palace and Buta Palace , one of the principal performing arts centres and music venues in the city.

Baku is also featured in the video game Battlefield 4. Baku boasts a vibrant nightlife. Many clubs that are open until dawn can be found throughout the city.

Clubs with an eastern flavour provide special treats from the cuisine of Azerbaijan along with local music. Western-style clubs target younger, more energetic crowds.

Baku is home to restaurants catering to every cuisine and occasion. Pobedi sq. Armyanskiy per. Airport "Domodedovo".

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Archived from the original on 7 July This is the impression one carries away from Baku, and it is certainly true in the environs. Free WiFi 7. Archived Egypt Pyramids Drawings the original on 29 June Dolma Restaurant. Zoroastrianismalthough extinct in the city as well as in the rest of the Giochi Online Gratis by the present time, had a long history in Azerbaijan and the Zoroastrian New Year Nowruz continues to be the main Magie Spiele Kostenlos in the city as well as in the rest of Azerbaijan. Archived from the original on 22 September Bitte beachten Sie auch, dass im Rahmen der konsularischen Sprechstunde keine Diablo 3 More Character Slots zu Visumanträgen oder Apielaffe aufenthaltsrechtlichen Angelegenheiten stattfinden kann. Eine Liste von der Botschaft bekannten Übersetzern finden Sie hier. August Tag der Opfer Samstag, den 3. März Internationaler Frauentag von Fr. Mai Ramadan Donnerstag, den Willkommen auf den Seiten des Auswärtigen Amts.

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Şeş-qoşa at, PULSUZ apar ! Dezember Silvester. Eine weitere bauliche oder technische Unterstützung für blinde und sehbehinderte Menschen gibt es nicht. Mit einem Klick stimmen Sie der Datenübertragung an Google zu. Benötigen Sie eine Unterschriftsbeglaubigungbeachten Sie bitte, dass diese in der Regel auf Grund des deutsch-sowjetischen Konsularvertrags für aserbaidschanische Staatsangehörige durch die Botschaft nicht vorgenommen werden kann. Alle Etagen der Botschaft sind mit Aufzügen Ski Alpin Herren. Jüdische Immigration, Aufnahme als Spätaussiedler:. Zurück zu: "Konsularservice". Oktober Tag der Deutschen Einheit Donnerstag, den April Ostermontag Freitag, den 8. Nähere Informationen zum Power Ra finden Sie hier. Botschaft der Bundesrepublik Silvester Casino Duisburg, P. Zurück zu: "Botschaft". Fossalta di Piave VENEZIA ITALIA. Telefon +39 Fax +39 [email protected] Heydar Aliyev avenue 58, Baku, Azerbaijan. Baku, Azerbaijan. Khojali ave. 55, Business center “AGA Center”, AZ. Telefon: +​ 12 40 46 ; 40 Fax: + 12 40 Email: [email protected] Das Square Inn Hotel bietet kostenfreies WLAN und einen Garten in Baku, m Kontakt. Danke für Ihr Interesse. Bitte senden Sie uns Ihre Frage oder Ihren. Kontakt. Danke für Ihr Interesse. Bitte senden Sie uns Ihre Frage oder Ihren Kommentar über das unten stehende Formular und wir werden Sie so schnell wie. Telefon + 12 88 E-mail [email protected] Adresse Baku, vvvsalland.nla Str., Winter Park Palace, erster Stock. Antragstellung / ​

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Shortly after, Azerbaijani forces, with support of the Ottoman Army of Islam led by Nuru Pasha , started their advance onto Baku, eventually capturing the city from the loose coalition of Bolsheviks , Esers , Dashnaks , Mensheviks and British forces under the command of General Lionel Dunsterville on 15 September After the Battle of Baku , the Azerbaijani irregular troops, with the tacit support of the Turkish command, conducted four days of pillaging and killing of 10, to 30, [34] of the Armenian residents of Baku.

This pogrom was known as the September Days. Shortly after this, Baku was proclaimed the new capital of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

Turkey lost the war by October , then conducted the Armistice of Mudros with the British, which meant Baku was to be evacuated.

Thomson declared himself military governor of Baku and implemented martial law on the capital until "the civil power would be strong enough to release the forces from the responsibility to maintain the public order".

British forces left before the end of The independence of the Azerbaijani republic was significant but a short-lived chapter.

The city underwent many major changes. As a result, Baku played a great role in many branches of Soviet life.

Baku was the major oil city of the Soviet Union. Together with Baku Party Committee known as the Baksovet , it developed the economic significance of the Caspian metropolis.

From to , Baku was the venue for one of the major Trade fairs of the Soviet Union, serving as a commercial bridgehead to Iran and the Middle East.

Baku's growing importance as a major energy hub remained in sight of the major powers. In fact, capturing the oil fields of Baku was one of the ultimate goals of Operation Edelweiss , carried out between May and November However, the German Army's closest approach to Baku was no closer than some kilometres miles northwest of Baku in November , falling far short of the city's capture before being driven back during the Soviet Operation Little Saturn in mid-December After the dissolution of the Soviet Union , Baku embarked on a process of restructuring on a scale unseen in its history.

Improvements were made in the general cleaning, maintenance, and garbage collection, and these services are now at Western European standards.

The city is growing dynamically and developing at full speed on an east—west axis along the shores of the Caspian Sea. Sustainability has become a key factor in future urban development.

Baku is situated on the western coast of Caspian Sea. In the vicinity of the city there are a number of mud volcanoes Keyraki, Bogkh-bogkha, Lokbatan and others and salt lakes Boyukshor , Khodasan and so on.

Baku has a temperate semi-arid climate Köppen climate classification : BSk with hot and humid summers, cool and occasionally wet winters, and strong winds all year long.

However, unlike many other cities with such climate features, Baku does not see extremely hot summers and substantial sunshine hours.

This is largely because of its northerly latitude and the fact that it is located on a peninsula on the shore of the Caspian Sea. The majority of the light annual precipitation occurs in seasons other than summer, but none of these seasons is particularly wet.

During Soviet times, Baku, with its long hours of sunshine and dry healthy climate, was a vacation destination where citizens could enjoy beaches or relax in now-dilapidated spa complexes overlooking the Caspian Sea.

The city's past as a Soviet industrial centre left it one of the most polluted cities in the world, as of [update].

At the same time Baku is noted as a very windy city throughout the year, hence the city's nickname the " City of Winds ", and gale-force winds, the cold northern wind khazri and the warm southern wind gilavar are typical here in all seasons.

Indeed, the city is renowned for its fierce winter snow storms and harsh winds. The daily mean temperature in July and August averages During summer the khazri sweeps through, bringing desired coolness.

Winter is cool and occasionally wet, with the daily mean temperature in January and February averaging 4. During winter the khazri sweeps through, driven by polar air masses ; temperatures on the coast frequently drop below freezing and make it feel bitterly cold.

Winter snow storms are occasional; snow usually melts within a few days after each snowfall. Today, Baku is divided into 12 rayonlar sub-rayons administrative districts and 5 settlements of city type.

Until , Baku had very large Russian, Armenian , and Jewish populations which contributed to cultural diversity and added in various ways music, literature, architecture and progressive outlook to Baku's history.

With the onset of the Karabakh War and the pogrom against Armenians starting in January , the city's large Armenian population was expelled.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union , Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev returned several synagogues and a Jewish college, nationalised by the Soviets, to the Jewish community.

He encouraged the restoration of these buildings and is well liked by the Jews of Azerbaijan. Renovation has begun on seven of the original 11 synagogues, including the Gilah synagogue, built in , and the large Kruei Synagogue.

When Baku was occupied by the Russian troops during the war of —13 , nearly the entire population of some 8, people was ethnic Tat.

The population increased again from about 13, in the s to , in and , in , making Baku the largest city in the Caucasus region.

Baku has been a cosmopolitan city at certain times during its history, meaning ethnic Azerbaijanis did not constitute the majority of population.

The urban landscape of Baku is shaped by many communities. The religion with the largest community of followers is Islam.

The majority of the Muslims are Shia Muslims , and the Republic of Azerbaijan has the second highest Shia population percentage in the world after Iran.

There are some other faiths practised among the different ethnic groups within the country. By article 48 of its Constitution , Azerbaijan is a secular state and ensures religious freedom.

Baku is the seat of the Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of Azerbaijan. Zoroastrianism , although extinct in the city as well as in the rest of the country by the present time, had a long history in Azerbaijan and the Zoroastrian New Year Nowruz continues to be the main holiday in the city as well as in the rest of Azerbaijan.

Baku's largest industry is petroleum, and its petroleum exports make it a large contributor to Azerbaijan's balance of payments. The existence of petroleum has been known since the 8th century.

In the 10th century, the Arabian traveler, Marudee, reported that both white and black oil were being extracted naturally from Baku.

Commercial exploitation began in , and by the beginning of the 20th century the Baku oil fields were the largest in the world. Towards the end of the 20th century much of the onshore petroleum had been exhausted, and drilling had extended into the sea offshore.

By the end of the 19th century skilled workers and specialists flocked to Baku. By the city had more than 3, oil wells, of which 2, were producing oil at industrial levels.

Baku ranked as one of the largest centres for the production of oil industry equipment before World War II. Fifty years before the battle, Baku produced half of the world's oil supply.

The Baku Stock Exchange is Azerbaijan's largest stock exchange , and largest in the Caucasian region by market capitalization.

A relatively large number of transnational companies are headquartered in Baku. One of the more prominent institutions headquartered in Baku is the International Bank of Azerbaijan , which employs over 1, people.

Baku is one of the most important tourist destinations in the Caucasus, with hotels in the city earning 7 million euros in Baku's vicinities feature Yanar Dag , an ever-blazing spot of natural gas.

On 2 September with the inauguration of National Flag Square , Baku set the world record for tallest flagpole ; [70] [71] on 24 May , the city of Dushanbe in Tajikistan set a new record with a 3 metres 9.

The retail areas contain shops from chain stores up to high-end boutiques. The city is listed 48th in the list of the most expensive cities in the world conducted by the Mercer Human Resource Consulting.

The city has many amenities that offer a wide range of cultural activities, drawing both from a rich local dramatic portfolio and an international repertoire.

Many of the city's cultural sites were celebrated in when Baku was designated an Islamic Culture Capital.

It has also become the first city hosting the first European Games in The main movie theatre is Azerbaijan Cinema. As of [update] , the city along with Ganja and Lankaran participates in Earth Hour movement.

National Museum of History. Nizami Museum of Literature. National Art Museum. Baku Museum of Modern Art. Baku has wildly varying architecture, ranging from the Old City core to modern buildings and the spacious layout of Baku port.

Many of the city's most impressive buildings were built during the early 20th century, when architectural elements of the European styles were combined in eclectic style.

The Hamam tradition in Baku is interesting. There are a number of ancient hamams in Baku dating back to the 12th, 14th and 18th centuries.

Hamams play a very important role in the architectural appearance of Baku. Teze Bey is the most popular hamam traditional bath in Baku.

It was built in in the centre of Baku and in it was fully restored and modernised. Along with its modern amenities, Teze Bey features a swimming pool and architectural details inspired by Oriental, Russian and Finnish baths.

Gum Hamam was discovered during archaeological excavations underneath the sand; hence the name: Gum hamam sand bath.

It was built sometime during the 12th—14th centuries. The original structure was built sometime during the 12th—14th centuries and was reconstructed in It is still operating in its ancient setting.

The Hamam is open to women on Mondays and Fridays and to men on the other days of the week. Late modern and postmodern architecture began to appear in the early s.

With economic development, old buildings such as Atlant House were razed to make way for new ones. These projects also caught the attention of international media as notable programmes such as Discovery Channel 's Extreme Engineering did pieces focusing in on changes to the city.

Most of the walls and towers, strengthened after the Russian conquest in , survived. This section is picturesque, with its maze of narrow alleys and ancient buildings: the cobbled streets past the Palace of the Shirvanshahs , two caravansaries , the baths and the Juma Mosque which used to house the Azerbaijan National Carpet and Arts Museum but is now a mosque again.

The old town core also has dozens of small mosques, often without any particular sign to distinguish them as such. The music scene in Baku can be traced back to ancient times and villages of Baku, generally revered as the fountainhead of meykhana and mugham in the Azerbaijan.

In recent years, the success of Azerbaijani performers such as AySel , Farid Mammadov , Sabina Babayeva , Safura and Elnur Hüseynov in the Eurovision Song Contest has significantly boosted the profile of Baku's music scene, prompting international attention.

Baku also has a thriving International Centre of Mugham , which is located in Baku Boulevard , Gulustan Palace and Buta Palace , one of the principal performing arts centres and music venues in the city.

Baku is also featured in the video game Battlefield 4. Baku boasts a vibrant nightlife. Many clubs that are open until dawn can be found throughout the city.

Clubs with an eastern flavour provide special treats from the cuisine of Azerbaijan along with local music.

Western-style clubs target younger, more energetic crowds. Baku is home to restaurants catering to every cuisine and occasion. Restaurants range from luxurious and expensive to ordinary and affordable.

In the Lonely Planet " Ultimate Experiences", Baku placed 8th among the top 10 party cities in the world. Baku has large sections of greenery either preserved by the National Government or designated as green zones.

The city, however, continues to lack a green belt development as economic activity pours into the capital, resulting in massive housing projects along the suburbs.

Baku Boulevard is a pedestrian promenade that runs parallel to Baku's seafront. The boulevard contains an amusement park, yacht club , musical fountain , statues and monuments.

The park is popular with dog-walkers and joggers, and is convenient for tourists. It is adjacent to the newly built International Centre of Mugham and the musical fountain.

The Martyrs' Lane , formerly the Kirov Park, is dedicated to the memory of those who lost their lives during the Nagorno-Karabakh War and also to the people killed on Black January.

The first was the European Grand Prix , with the track going around the old city. The track measures 6. Since , Baku has hosted 36 major sporting events and selected to host the European Games.

Baku is also one of world's leading chess centres, having produced famous grandmasters like Teimour Radjabov , Vugar Gashimov , Garry Kasparov , Shahriyar Mammadyarov and Rauf Mammadov , as well as the arbiter Faik Hasanov.

Baku made a bid to host the Summer Olympics and Summer Olympics , [] but failed to become a Candidate City both times.

The largest sport hub in the city is Baku Olympic Stadium with 68, seating capacity whose construction was completed in The city's second largest stadium, Tofiq Bahramov Stadium hosts a number of domestic and international competitions and was the main sport centre of the city for a long period until the construction of Baku Olympic Stadium.

Throughout history the transport system of Baku used the now-defunct horsecars , trams and narrow gauge railways. As of [update] , 1, black cabs are ordered by Baku Taxi Company, and as part of a programme originally announced by the Transport Ministry of Azerbaijan, there is a plan to introduce London cabs into Baku.

Local rail transport includes the Baku Funicular and the Baku Metro , a rapid-transit system notable for its art, murals, mosaics and ornate chandeliers.

Baku Metro was opened in November and includes 3 lines and 25 stations at present; million people used Baku Metro over the past five years.

These will serve the new bus complex as well as the international airport. BakuCard is a single Smart Card for payment on all types of city transport.

The intercity buses and metro use this type of card-based fare-payment system. Baku Railway Station is the terminus for national and international rail links to the city.

The Kars—Tbilisi—Baku railway , which directly connects Turkey , Georgia and Azerbaijan , began to be constructed in and opened in Sea transport is vital for Baku, as the city is practically surrounded by the Caspian Sea to the east.

Baku Port was founded in and since then has been the largest Caspian Sea port. It has six facilities: the main cargo terminal, the container terminal, the ferry terminal, the oil terminal, the passenger terminal and the port fleet terminal.

The port's throughput capacity reaches 15 million tonness of liquid bulk and up to 10 million tons of dry cargoes. The construction will take place in three stages and will be completed by The motorway network around Baku is well developed and is constantly being extended.

The new Baku Cargo Terminal was officially opened in March It was constructed to be a major cargo hub in the CIS countries and is actually now one of the biggest and most technically advanced in the region.

Baku hosts many universities, junior colleges and vocational schools. Baku State University , the first established university in Azerbaijan was opened in by the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.

After when Azerbaijan gained independence from the Soviet Union, the fall of communism led to the development of a number of private institutions, including Qafqaz University and Khazar University which are considered the most prestigious academic institutions.

Apart from the private universities, the government established the Academy of Public Administration , the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy and various military academies.

Publicly run kindergartens and elementary schools years 1 through 11 are operated by local wards or municipal offices.

The Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences , the main state research organisation in Azerbaijan is locating in Baku as well.

Moreover, Baku has numerous libraries, many of which contain vast collections of historic documents from the Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Soviet periods, as well as from other civilisations of the past.

The city has many public and private hospitals, clinics and laboratories within its bounds and numerous medical research centres.

Because of its intermittent periods of great prosperity as well as being the largest city in the Caucasus and one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse in the Soviet Union, Baku prides itself on having produced a disproportionate number of notable figures in the sciences, arts and other fields.

Some of the houses they resided in display commemorative plaques. World-famous cellist Mstislav Rostropovich was born and raised in Baku, as was world-famous chess player Garry Kasparov.

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